Vancouver Health Clinics - Osteoarthritis is a degenerative joint disease often known as degenerative arthritis. This group of sicknesses consists of some mechanical irregularities which involve the degradation of joints; such as the sub-chondral bone and articular cartilage. Signs of OA can normally include: locking, stiffness, joint pain, tenderness and sometimes an effusion.
There various causes for Osteoarthritis. Like for example mechanical, metabolic, developmental and hereditary causes can initiate processes responsible to loss of cartilage. Bone could become exposed or damaged when bone surfaces become less well protected by cartilage. This may lead to less movement and a lot of pain, regional muscles can atrophy and ligaments may become more lax.
There are different treatments existing that combine a combination of exercise, lifestyle modification and analgesics. Joint replacement surgery can be an option for people who find debilitating pain. OA is the most common type of arthritis. It affects around 27 million people in the USA and roughly 8 million within the United Kingdom. Now, it is the leading reason for chronic disability of the United States as well.
Signs and Symptoms
The main sign of Osteoarthritis is pain that can cause extreme stiffness and loss of ability. Usually, the pain is described as a sharp ache or a burning sensation in the associate muscles and tendons. Crepitus is the word for a crackling noise when the affected joint is touched or moved. Individuals can likewise experience muscle spasm and contractions in the tendons. Every so often, the joints might also be filled with fluid. Cold climate and humidity increases the pain in a lot of individuals. Heberden's nodes and Bouchard's nodes could also form in this disease.
The most commonly affected areas of this condition is the hands, spine, hips, knees and feet. The affected joints will become more painful, stiff, and appear bigger when Osteoarthritis progresses. The affected joints could feel worse with excessive or prolonged use, yet often feel better with gentle use. These characteristics differentiate OA from rheumatoid arthritis.
Herberden's nodes are bony, hard enlargements that can happen within smaller joints like in the fingers. These nodes are usually found on the distal interphalangeal joints in the fingers. Bouchard's nodes can also occur on the proximal interphalangeal joints. Though these nodes can significantly limit the movement of the fingers, they are not necessarily painful. When Osteoarthritis forms within the toes, the formation of bunions can happen, rendering them swollen and red.
OA is the most frequent reason for joint effusion, which is usually referred to as "water on the knee," in lay terms to describe an accumulation of excess fluid around or in the knee joint.
Click to Download the pdf