Best Naturopath Vancouver - The existence of elevated levels of cholesterol in the blood is called hypercholesterolemia. Though it is not a sickness, it is considered a metabolic derangement which could be caused by various diseases, especially cardiovascular disease. Hypercholesterolemia is very much connected to the terms hyperlipoproteinemia, which translates to high lipoprotein levels within the blood and hyperlipidemia which translates to elevated levels of lipids in the blood.
Several elements could contribute to high cholesterol levels in the blood. High cholesterol levels in the blood are caused by abnormalities in the levels of lipoproteins in the blood, since these are the particles which are responsible for carrying cholesterol in the bloodstream. Genetic factors like for example LDL receptor mutations found in familial hypercholesterolemia, eating habits and sicknesses such as diabetes or underactive thyroid can all be contributing problems. The type of hypercholesterolemia is determined by which particle kind is present in excess, for example, low-density lipoprotein or otherwise known as LDL.
High cholesterol could be treated by reducing cholesterol intake, and by ingesting various medications. For specifically severe subtypes, surgery may be needed but this is a rare option.
Signs and Symptoms
When there are yellowish-coloured patches consisting of cholesterol deposits found in the eyelids is called Xanthelasma palpebrarum. This is a common symptom in individuals who have familial hypercholesterolemia.
The condition of hypercholesterolemia itself is asymptomatic, however, longstanding elevation of serum cholesterol can eventually result in atherosclerosis. Chronically elevated serum cholesterol contributes to the formation of atheromatous plaques in the arteries. This can take decades to develop. This particular condition causes the progressive stenosis or narrowing of the involved arteries. In several patients, blockage or complete occlusion could occur. These stenotic or occluded arteries greatly diminish organ function due to the lack of blood supply to the affected organs and tissues. In time, organ function becomes impaired. It is at this time that restriction in blood supply, called tissue ischemia may manifest as specific indications.
A transient ischemic attack or likewise known as TIA is a momentary ischemia of the brain. A TIA could manifest itself as dizziness, aphasia or difficult breathing, temporary vision loss, paresis or weakness and numbness or tingling on one side of the body known as paresthesia. When insufficient blood is being supplied to the heart, chest pain may be the result. If ischemia of the eye happens, a brief visual loss can take place in one eye. Calf pain felt while walking could be because of not enough blood supply in the legs and not enough blood supply in the intestines can present as abdominal pain after eating.
The many kinds of hypercholesterolemia could come about in many ways. There may be gray or white discolorations of the peripheral cornea, known as arcus senilis and a deposition of yellowish cholesterol rich material referred to as xanthomata, that can be found on the tendons, specifically the finger tendons. Type III hyperlipidema may be connected with xanthomata of the knees, palms and elbows.
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